lower

lower
1. a от 1 I
2. a низший

lower animals — низшие животные

lower classes — низкие классы

lower orders — низшие сословия

the lower ranks of life, the lower walks of life — низшие слои общества

lower homologue — низший гомолог

lower fatty acid — низшая жирная кислота

lower social strata — низшие слои общества

lower member of the series — низший член ряда

lower aliphatic alcohols — низшие алифатические спирты

3. a недавний

it belongs to a lower date — это относится к более позднему времени

4. a геол. нижний, более ранний

Lower Devonian — нижний девон

lower guide-vane ring — нижнее кольцо направляющего аппарата

teethed lower jaw — нижняя челюсть с сохранившимися зубами

at successively lower levels — на все более низких уровнях

through lower peripherals — по сосудам нижних конечностей

lower riser assembly — нижний блок водоотделяющей колонны

5. v спускать; опускать

to lower a boat — спустить шлюпку

to lower the bar — опустить планку

to lower the weight at the press — опустить вес при жиме

lower the boat! — шлюпку к спуску!

lower cargo — опускать груз

lower the flaps — опускать закрылки

lower into the well — спускать в скважину

lower the nose wheel — опускать носовое колесо

6. v опускаться, падать
7. v снижать; уменьшать

to lower prices — снижать цены

lower the nuclear threshold — снижать ядерный порог

lower the interest rate — снижать процентную ставку

lower the bank rate — снижать учетную ставку банка

lower the morale — снижать моральное состояние

8. v снижаться, уменьшаться

oil will lower in price — нефть подешевеет, нефть снизится в цене

9. v понижать
10. v уменьшать высоту, делать ниже

to lower the ceilings — сделать потолки ниже

much lower — гораздо более низкий; гораздо ниже

lower level list — список более низкого уровня

lower stratosphere — низкий слой стратосферы

lower low water — низкая малая вода

lower cost — более низкая стоимость

11. v ослаблять

poor diet lowers resistance to illness — плохое питание ослабляет сопротивляемость организма

12. v унижать

to lower oneself — унижаться

13. v разг. проглотить, съесть

to lower a mug of beer — пропустить кружку пива

Синонимический ряд:
1. cheaper (adj.) cheaper; more inexpensive; more low-cost; more low-priced; more popular; more reasonable; more uncostly; more undear
2. coarser (adj.) coarser; crasser; cruder; grosser; more incult; more inelegant; more uncouth; more uncultivated; more uncultured; more unrefined; more vulgar; rawer; rougher; ruder
3. deeper (adj.) deeper; lower; more bass; more low-pitched
4. inferior (adj.) beneath; demeaning; inferior; less; lesser; low; nether; subjacent; under
5. meaner (adj.) baser; filthier; fouler; meaner; more abhorrent; more contemptible; more despicable; more detestable; more disgusting; more loathsome; more low-down; more obnoxious; more odious; more reprehensible; more repugnant; more servile; more sordid; more squalid; nastier; rottener; shabbier; sorrier; uglier; viler; wretcheder
6. more downcast (adj.) bluer; droopier; duller; gloomier; more chapfallen; more crestfallen; more dejected; more depressed; more disconsolate; more dispirited; more doleful; more down; more downcast; more downhearted; more down-in-the-mouth; more downthrown; more heartsick; more heartsore; more heavy-hearted; more hipped; more low-spirited; more melancholic; more melancholy; more mopey; more saddened; more soul-sick; more spiritless; more sunk; more woebegone; sadder; unhappier; worse
7. more ignoble (adj.) humbler; lowlier; more baseborn; more ignoble; more lowborn; more plebeian; more unennobled; more unwashed
8. more subaverage (adj.) more subaverage; more subnormal
9. more unwell (adj.) more ailing; more indisposed; more off-color; more offish; more poorly; more underly; more unwell; sicklier
10. poorer (adj.) flatter; more beggared; more broke; more destitute; more fortuneless; more impecunious; more impoverished; more indigent; more necessitous; more penurious; more poverty-stricken; more stone-broke; more strapped; more unprosperous; needier; poorer; stonier
11. small (adj.) more inferior; more lesser; more minor; more minor-league; more secondary; more under; petty; small
12. smaller (adj.) more hushed; more low-key; more subdued; quieter; smaller; softer
13. depreciate (verb) cheapen; decry; depreciate; devalorize; devaluate; devalue; downgrade; mark down; underprize; underrate; undervalue; write down; write off
14. depress (verb) couch; demit; depress; droop; let down; plunge; sink; submerge; take down
15. fall (verb) descend; drop; fall
16. glower (verb) darken; frown; gloom; glower; scowl; threaten
17. humble (verb) abase; bemean; cast down; debase; degrade; demean; disgrace; humble; humiliate
18. modulate (verb) modulate; muffle; subdue
19. reduce (verb) chop; clip; crop; curtail; cut; cut back; cut down; decrease; diminish; lessen; lop; prune; reduce; shave; shear; slash; trim
20. soften (verb) pare; quiet down; soften; turn down
21. downward (other) below; down; downward; downwards; to the floor; to the ground
Антонимический ряд:
amplify; brighten; elevate; exalt; heighten; higher; hoist; honour; increase; raise; superior

English-Russian base dictionary . 2014.

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Смотреть что такое "lower" в других словарях:

  • Lower — Low er, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Lowered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Lowering}.] [From {Low}, a.] 1. To let descend by its own weight, as something suspended; to let down; as, to lower a bucket into a well; to lower a sail or a boat; sometimes, to pull down;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lower — lower1 [lō′ər] adj. [compar. of LOW1] 1. in a place or on a level below another [lower lip] 2. inferior in rank, authority, or dignity [the lower classes] 3. less in quantity, degree, value, intensity, etc. 4 …   English World dictionary

  • Lower — may refer to: *Lower Township, New Jersey *Lower Receiver (firearms) *Lower Wick Gloucestershire, EnglandPeople*Robert A. Lower, American Civil War Medal of Honor recipient *Richard Lower (physician), Cornish inventor of blood transfusion …   Wikipedia

  • Lower — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Richard Lower (1631–1691), britischer Mediziner Richard Lower (Chirurg) (1929–2008), US amerikanischer Herzchirurg Siehe auch: Löwer Løwer Lower Allen Branch, ein Fluss im US Bundesstaat Kentucky …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • lower — low‧er [ˈləʊə ǁ ˈloʊər] verb [transitive] to reduce something in amount, level etc: • Production has soared, allowing him to lower his prices. * * * lower UK US /ˈləʊər/ verb [T] ► to reduce the level, price, etc. of something: lower… …   Financial and business terms

  • lower — [adj] under, inferior bush league*, curtailed, decreased, diminished, junior, lessened, lesser, low, lower rung, minor, nether, pared down, reduced, secondary, second class, second fiddle*, second string*, smaller, subjacent, subordinate, under;… …   New thesaurus

  • Löwer — ist der Name von Johannes Löwer (* 1944), Mediziner und Biochemiker Peter Löwer (* 1944), deutscher Fußballspieler Wolfgang Löwer (* 1946), Rechtswissenschaftler und Richter am Verfassungsgerichtshof Nordrhein Westfalen Di …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • lower — index debase, decrease, deduct (reduce), defame, demean (make lower), demote, denigrate, depreciate …   Law dictionary

  • Lower 48 — Lower For|ty eight or Lower 48 «FR tee AYT», U.S. the forty eight states of the continental United States excluding Alaska: »People [leave] Anchorage and Fairbanks…Some, of course, are interested only in a year or two s work, then to return with… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lower — Low er, n. [Obs.] 1. Cloudiness; gloominess. [1913 Webster] 2. A frowning; sullenness. [1913 Webster] adj. 1. relating to small or noncapital letters which were kept in the lower half of a compositor s type case. Also See {minuscule},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lower — [1] ► ADJECTIVE comparative of LOW(Cf. ↑lowness). 1) less high. 2) Geology & Archaeology older (and hence forming more deeply buried strata): the Lower Cretaceous. 3) (in place names ) situated to the south. DERIVATIVES lowermost …   English terms dictionary


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